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Frieden zwischen Äthiopien und Eritrea

Plötzlich ging alles ganz schnell. Eritrea und Äthiopien haben den Kriegszustand beendet und ein Friedensabkommen geschlossen.

Man darf gespannt sein, was das jetzt für Eritrea bedeutet. In dem Land gibt es nicht zuletzt mit Verweis auf Äthiopien eine langdauernde Wehrpflicht, die als Grund dafür gilt, dass viele junge Männer aus dem Land geflohen sind (Hintergründe hier).


Jedenfalls ist der Friedensschluss historisch. Hier der Text:

Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia

Conscious that the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea share close bonds of geography, history, culture, language and religion as well as fundamental common interests;


Recognizing that over the past decades, they were denied the opportunity to build a bright future for their peoples on the basis of their common heritage;

Determined to close this very costly chapter, which also had a detrimental role in the Horn of Africa, and to make up for lost opportunities and create even bigger golden opportunities for their peoples;

The governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea have reached the following joint agreement which reflects the desires and aspirations of their peoples:-

  1. The state of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship has been opened.
  2. The two governments will endeavor to forge intimate political, economic, social, cultural and security cooperation that serves and advances the vital interests of their peoples;
  3. Transport, trade and communications links between the two countries will resume; diplomatic ties and activities will restart;
  4. The decision on the boundary between the two countries will be implemented.
  5. Both countries will jointly endeavor to ensure regional peace, development and cooperation.

Both governments express their gratitude to all friends of Eritrea and Ethiopia and call on them to redouble their solidarity and support.

Done in Asmara, July 9, 2018

For the State of Eritrea                  For the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

President Isaias Afwerki                     Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali



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